Ngorongoro Crater Bird Checklist : Ngorongoro crater is a well-protected area, which is located in the Northern region of Tanzania, which is under the management of the Ngororongoro conservation Area Authority, and it covers a total surface area of about 8,292 square kilometers. Ngorongoro crater was established in 1959 and it is a UNESCO World Heritage site, which is situated in a distance of about 180 kilometers from Arusha city. In addition, it a good Tanzania safari destination, which is being surrounded with, cool vegetation such as; savanna grasslands, woodlands, forests, alkaline lakes which all act as good natural habitats to many wildlife species and birds. More this national park commonly visited because it is a home to the big five animals which are seen as one of the top attractions which include; elephants, lions, leopards, buffalos and Rhinos. However, it is known to be a good birding destination because it harbours around 270 birds, which include the following below;

Ostriches: Struthionidae

Common Ostrich

Ducks: Anatidae

White-faced Whistling-Duck

Fulvous Whistling-Duck

White-backed Duck

Knob-billed Duck

Egyptian Goose

Spur-winged Goose

<African Pygmy-Goose>


Blue-billed Teal

/Northern Shoveler/

/Eurasian Wigeon/

African Black Duck

Yellow-billed Duck

Cape Teal

Red-billed Duck

/Northern Pintail/

/Eurasian Teal/

\Southern Pochard\

Maccoa Duck

Guineafowl: Numididae

Helmeted Guineafowl

Eastern Crested Guineafowl

Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies: Phasianidae

Crested Francolin

Coqui Francolin

Shelley’s Francolin

(Common Quail)

Harlequin Quail

Scaly Spurfowl

Hildebrandt’s Spurfowl

Yellow-necked Spurfowl

Gray-breasted Spurfowl

Red-necked Spurfowl

Flamingos: Phoenicopteridae

Greater Flamingo

<Lesser Flamingo>

Grebes: Podicipedidae

Little Grebe

Great Crested Grebe

Eared Grebe

Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

Rock Pigeon

Speckled Pigeon

Rameron Pigeon

Delegorgue’s Pigeon

Lemon Dove

Dusky Turtle-Dove

Mourning Collared-Dove

Red-eyed Dove

Ring-necked Dove

Laughing Dove

Emerald-spotted Wood-Dove

Tambourine Dove

Namaqua Dove

African Green-Pigeon

Ngorongoro Crater Bird Checklist
African Green-Pigeon

Sandgrouse: Pteroclidae

Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse

Yellow-throated Sandgrouse

Black-faced Sandgrouse

Bustards: Otididae

Kori Bustard

White-bellied Bustard

Buff-crested Bustard

Black-bellied Bustard

Hartlaub’s Bustard

Turacos: Musophagidae

Schalow’s Turaco

Hartlaub’s Turaco

Purple-crested Turaco

Bare-faced Go-away-bird

White-bellied Go-away-bird

Cuckoos: Cuculidae

Red-chested Cuckoo

Black Cuckoo

/Common Cuckoo/

African Cuckoo

Black Coucal

White-browed Coucal

Pied Cuckoo

Levaillant’s Cuckoo

/Great Spotted Cuckoo/

Klaas’s Cuckoo

African Emerald Cuckoo

Dideric Cuckoo

Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

/Eurasian Nightjar/

Montane Nightjar

Freckled Nightjar

Slender-tailed Nightjar

Swifts: Apodidae

Mottled Spinetail

Scarce Swift

Alpine Swift

Mottled Swift

|Common Swift|

Nyanza Swift

African Swift

Little Swift

(Horus Swift)

White-rumped Swift

African Palm Swift

Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

African Rail

(African Crake)

Lesser Moorhen

Eurasian Moorhen

Red-knobbed Coot

Allen’s Gallinule

African Swamphen

Black Crake

Cranes: Gruidae

Gray Crowned-Crane

Thick-knees: Burhinidae

Water Thick-knee

Spotted Thick-knee

Stilts and Avocets: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged Stilt

Pied Avocet

Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

/Black-bellied Plover/

Long-toed Lapwing

Blacksmith Lapwing

Spur-winged Lapwing

Senegal Lapwing

Black-winged Lapwing

Crowned Lapwing

Wattled Lapwing

/Lesser Sand-Plover/

/Caspian Plover/

Kittlitz’s Plover

/Common Ringed Plover/

/Little Ringed Plover/

Three-banded Plover

Chestnut-banded Plover

Painted-Snipes: Rostratulidae

<Greater Painted-Snipe>

Jacanas: Jacanidae

African Jacana

Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae


/Eurasian Curlew/

/Black-tailed Godwit/


/Curlew Sandpiper/

/Temminck’s Stint/


/Little Stint/

/Terek Sandpiper/

/Common Snipe/

African Snipe

/Common Sandpiper/

/Green Sandpiper/

/Spotted Redshank/

/Common Greenshank/

/Marsh Sandpiper/

/Wood Sandpiper/

Buttonquail: Turnicidae

Small Buttonquail

Pratincoles and Coursers: Glareolidae

Temminck’s Courser

Double-banded Courser

Three-banded Courser

Bronze-winged Courser

Collared Pratincole

|Black-winged Pratincole|

Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

Gray-hooded Gull

/Black-headed Gull/

Lesser Black-backed Gull

/Gull-billed Tern/

/White-winged Tern/

Whiskered Tern

African Skimmer

Storks: Ciconiidae

African Openbill

/Black Stork/

/Abdim’s Stork/

African Woolly-necked Stork

/White Stork/

Saddle-billed Stork

Marabou Stork

Yellow-billed Stork

Anhingas: Anhingidae

African Darter

Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

Long-tailed Cormorant

Great Cormorant

Pelicans: Pelecanidae

Great White Pelican

Pink-backed Pelican

Shoebill: Balaenicipitidae


Hamerkop: Scopidae


Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

Little Bittern

Dwarf Bittern

Gray Heron

Black-headed Heron

Goliath Heron

Purple Heron

Great Egret

Intermediate Egret

Little Egret

Black Heron

Cattle Egret

Squacco Heron

\Malagasy Pond-Heron\

Rufous-bellied Heron

Striated Heron

Black-crowned Night-Heron

White-backed Night-Heron

Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

Glossy Ibis

African Sacred Ibis

Hadada Ibis

African Spoonbill

Secretary-bird: Sagittariidae


Osprey: Pandionidae


Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

Black-winged Kite

African Harrier-Hawk

Palm-nut Vulture

Bearded Vulture

Egyptian Vulture

/European Honey-buzzard/

African Cuckoo-Hawk

White-headed Vulture

Lappet-faced Vulture

Hooded Vulture

White-backed Vulture

Rueppell’s Griffon


Black-chested Snake-Eagle

Brown Snake-Eagle

Banded Snake-Eagle

Crowned Eagle

Martial Eagle

Long-crested Eagle

/Lesser Spotted Eagle/

Wahlberg’s Eagle

/Booted Eagle/

Ayres’s Hawk-Eagle

Tawny Eagle

/Steppe Eagle/

/Imperial Eagle/

Verreaux’s Eagle

African Hawk-Eagle

Lizard Buzzard

Dark Chanting-Goshawk

Eastern Chanting-Goshawk

Gabar Goshawk

/Grasshopper Buzzard/

/Eurasian Marsh-Harrier/

African Marsh-Harrier

/Pallid Harrier/

Montagu’s Harrier

African Goshawk


Little Sparrowhawk

Ovambo Sparrowhawk

Eurasian Sparrowhawk

Rufous-chested Sparrowhawk

Black Goshawk

/Black Kite/

African Fish-Eagle

|Common Buzzard|

Mountain Buzzard

/Long-legged Buzzard/

Augur Buzzard

Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

Barn Owl

Owls: Strigidae

African Scops-Owl

Spotted Eagle-Owl

Verreaux’s Eagle-Owl

Pearl-spotted Owlet

African Wood-Owl

Marsh Owl

Mousebirds: Coliidae

Speckled Mousebird

White-headed Mousebird

Blue-naped Mousebird

Trogons: Trogonidae

Narina Trogon

Bar-tailed Trogon

Hoopoes: Upupidae

/Eurasian Hoopoe/

Woodhoopoes and Scimitarbills: Phoeniculidae

Green Woodhoopoe

White-headed Woodhoopoe

Common Scimitarbill

Abyssinian Scimitarbill

Hornbills: Bucerotidae

Southern Ground-Hornbill

Crowned Hornbill

African Gray Hornbill

Northern Red-billed Hornbill

Tanzanian Red-billed Hornbill

Von der Decken’s Hornbill

Silvery-cheeked Hornbill

Trumpeter Hornbill

Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

Malachite Kingfisher

African Pygmy Kingfisher

Gray-headed Kingfisher

Woodland Kingfisher

Brown-hooded Kingfisher

Striped Kingfisher

Giant Kingfisher

Pied Kingfisher

Bee-eaters: Meropidae

White-fronted Bee-eater

Little Bee-eater

Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater

/White-throated Bee-eater/

/Blue-cheeked Bee-eater/

\Madagascar Bee-eater\

|European Bee-eater|

Rollers: Coraciidae

/European Roller/

Lilac-breasted Roller

Rufous-crowned Roller

Broad-billed Roller

African Barbets: Lybiidae

Red-and-yellow Barbet

D’Arnaud’s Barbet

White-eared Barbet

Moustached Tinkerbird

Red-fronted Tinkerbird

Red-fronted Barbet

Spot-flanked Barbet

Black-throated Barbet

White-headed Barbet

Honeyguides: Indicatoridae

Green-backed Honeyguide

Wahlberg’s Honeyguide

Pallid Honeyguide

Lesser Honeyguide

Scaly-throated Honeyguide

Greater Honeyguide

Woodpeckers: Picidae

Cardinal Woodpecker

Bearded Woodpecker

Brown-backed Woodpecker

African Gray Woodpecker

Mountain Gray Woodpecker

Nubian Woodpecker

Golden-tailed Woodpecker

Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

Pygmy Falcon

/Lesser Kestrel/

/Eurasian Kestrel/

Greater Kestrel

Gray Kestrel

Red-necked Falcon

|Amur Falcon|

|Sooty Falcon|

/Eurasian Hobby/

African Hobby

Lanner Falcon

Peregrine Falcon

Parrots: Psittaculidae

Fischer’s Lovebird

Yellow-collared Lovebird

Parrots: Psittacidae

Red-fronted Parrot

Meyer’s Parrot

Red-bellied Parrot

Cuckooshrikes: Campephagidae

Gray Cuckooshrike

Black Cuckooshrike

Purple-throated Cuckooshrike

Old World Orioles: Oriolidae

/Eurasian Golden Oriole/

#African Golden Oriole#

African Black-headed Oriole

Wattle-eyes and Batises: Platysteiridae

Black-throated Wattle-eye

Chinspot Batis

Vangas, Helmetshrikes and Allies: Vangidae

White Helmetshrike

Retz’s Helmetshrike

Bushshrikes: Malaconotidae


Black-backed Puffback

Black-crowned Tchagra

Brown-crowned Tchagra

Tropical Boubou

Slate-colored Boubou

Rosy-patched Bushshrike

Sulphur-breasted Bushshrike

Black-fronted Bushshrike

Gray-headed Bushshrike

Drongos: Dicruridae

Fork-tailed Drongo

Monarch Flycatchers: Monarchidae

African Paradise-Flycatcher

Shrikes: Laniidae

/Red-backed Shrike/

/Isabelline Shrike/

|Lesser Gray Shrike|

Gray-backed Fiscal

Long-tailed Fiscal

Magpie Shrike

Taita Fiscal

Northern Fiscal

White-rumped Shrike

Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

Cape Crow

Pied Crow

White-necked Raven

Fairy Flycatchers: Stenostiridae

White-tailed Blue Flycatcher

Tits, Chickadees, and Titmice: Paridae

White-bellied Tit

Red-throated Tit

Larks: Alaudidae

Beesley’s Lark**

<Chestnut-backed Sparrow-Lark>

Fischer’s Sparrow-Lark

Pink-breasted Lark

Fawn-colored Lark

White-tailed Lark

Red-winged Lark

Rufous-naped Lark

Flappet Lark

Red-capped Lark

<Short-tailed Lark>

Somali Short-toed Lark

African Warblers: Macrosphenidae

Northern Crombec

Red-faced Crombec

Moustached Grass-Warbler

Cisticolas and Allies: Cisticolidae

Yellow-bellied Eremomela

Green-backed Camaroptera

Buff-bellied Warbler

Bar-throated Apalis

Yellow-breasted Apalis

Black-headed Apalis

Gray Apalis

Brown-headed Apalis

Tawny-flanked Prinia

Red-fronted Warbler

Gray-capped Warbler

Red-faced Cisticola

Singing Cisticola

Trilling Cisticola

Hunter’s Cisticola

Rattling Cisticola

Wailing Cisticola

Winding Cisticola

Stout Cisticola

Croaking Cisticola

Tabora Cisticola

Siffling Cisticola

Tiny Cisticola

Zitting Cisticola

Desert Cisticola

Pectoral-patch Cisticola

Reed Warblers and Allies: Acrocephalidae

/Eastern Olivaceous Warbler/

African Yellow-Warbler

Mountain Yellow-Warbler

|Olive-tree Warbler|

/Sedge Warbler/

/Marsh Warbler/

/Common Reed Warbler/

Lesser Swamp Warbler

/Great Reed Warbler/

Grassbirds and Allies: Locustellidae

Fan-tailed Grassbird

Evergreen-forest Warbler

Cinnamon Bracken-Warbler

Swallows: Hirundinidae

Plain Martin

/Bank Swallow/

Banded Martin

Rock Martin

/Barn Swallow/

Wire-tailed Swallow

Red-rumped Swallow

Lesser Striped Swallow

Mosque Swallow

/Common House-Martin/

White-headed Sawwing

Black Sawwing

Gray-rumped Swallow

Bulbuls: Pycnonotidae

Eastern Mountain Greenbul

Yellow-bellied Greenbul

Northern Brownbul

Cabanis’s Greenbul

Common Bulbul

Leaf Warblers: Phylloscopidae

/Willow Warbler/

Brown Woodland-Warbler

Sylviid Warblers, Parrotbills, and Allies: Sylviidae

/Eurasian Blackcap/

/Garden Warbler/

African Hill Babbler

Banded Parisoma

Brown Parisoma

/Greater Whitethroat/

White-eyes, Yuhinas, and Allies: Zosteropidae

Pale White-eye

Mbulu White-eye

Kilimanjaro White-eye

Laughingthrushes and Allies: Leiothrichidae

Rufous Chatterer

Scaly Chatterer

Arrow-marked Babbler

Black-lored Babbler

Northern Pied-Babbler

Oxpeckers: Buphagidae

Red-billed Oxpecker

Yellow-billed Oxpecker

Starlings: Sturnidae

Wattled Starling

Violet-backed Starling

Red-winged Starling

Waller’s Starling

Sharpe’s Starling

Kenrick’s Starling

Hildebrandt’s Starling

Rueppell’s Starling

Ashy Starling

Superb Starling

Fischer’s Starling

Greater Blue-eared Starling

Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

Abyssinian Ground-Thrush

Abyssinian Thrush

African Bare-eyed Thrush

Old World Flycatchers: Muscicapidae

African Dusky Flycatcher

|Spotted Flycatcher|

African Gray Flycatcher

Pale Flycatcher

Gray Tit-Flycatcher

Ashy Flycatcher


Southern Black-Flycatcher

White-eyed Slaty-Flycatcher

Red-backed Scrub-Robin

Cape Robin-Chat

Rueppell’s Robin-Chat

White-browed Robin-Chat

Red-capped Robin-Chat

Collared Palm-Thrush

Spotted Morning-Thrush

White-starred Robin

/White-throated Robin/

|Thrush Nightingale|

Little Rock-Thrush

/Rufous-tailed Rock-Thrush/


African Stonechat

Moorland Chat

Mocking Cliff-Chat

Northern Anteater-Chat

/Northern Wheatear/

Capped Wheatear

/Isabelline Wheatear/

/Pied Wheatear/

Familiar Chat

Abyssinian Wheatear

Sunbirds and Spiderhunters: Nectariniidae

Eastern Violet-backed Sunbird

Collared Sunbird

Green-headed Sunbird

Olive Sunbird

Amethyst Sunbird

Scarlet-chested Sunbird

Tacazze Sunbird

Bronze Sunbird

Malachite Sunbird

Golden-winged Sunbird

Eastern Double-collared Sunbird

Beautiful Sunbird

Mariqua Sunbird

Variable Sunbird

Weavers and Allies: Ploceidae

Red-billed Buffalo-Weaver

White-headed Buffalo-Weaver

Speckle-fronted Weaver

White-browed Sparrow-Weaver

Rufous-tailed Weaver

Gray-headed Social-Weaver

Black-capped Social-Weaver

Red-headed Weaver

Baglafecht Weaver

Little Weaver

Black-necked Weaver

Spectacled Weaver

Holub’s Golden-Weaver

Taveta Golden-Weaver

Lesser Masked-Weaver

Vitelline Masked-Weaver

Speke’s Weaver

Village Weaver

<Golden-backed Weaver>

<Chestnut Weaver>

<Cardinal Quelea>

<Red-billed Quelea>

Southern Red Bishop

Black-winged Bishop

Black Bishop

<Yellow-crowned Bishop>

Yellow Bishop

White-winged Widowbird

Red-cowled Widowbird

Fan-tailed Widowbird

Jackson’s Widowbird

Grosbeak Weaver

Waxbills and Allies: Estrildidae

Bronze Mannikin

Black-and-white Mannikin

African Silverbill

Yellow-bellied Waxbill

Zebra Waxbill

Abyssinian Crimsonwing

Red-faced Crimsonwing

Gray-headed Nigrita

Black-faced Waxbill

Common Waxbill

Crimson-rumped Waxbill



Purple Grenadier

Gray-headed Silverbill

Red-cheeked Cordonbleu

Blue-capped Cordonbleu

Green-winged Pytilia

Peters’s Twinspot

Red-billed Firefinch

African Firefinch

Jameson’s Firefinch

Indigobirds: Viduidae

Pin-tailed Whydah

Eastern Paradise-Whydah

Steel-blue Whydah

Straw-tailed Whydah

Village Indigobird

Variable Indigobird

Parasitic Weaver

Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

House Sparrow

Kenya Rufous Sparrow

Northern Gray-headed Sparrow

Swahili Sparrow

Chestnut Sparrow

Yellow-spotted Bush Sparrow

Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

Mountain Wagtail

/Gray Wagtail/

/Western Yellow Wagtail/

African Pied Wagtail

/White Wagtail/

African Pipit

Long-billed Pipit

Plain-backed Pipit

Striped Pipit

/Tree Pipit/

/Red-throated Pipit/

Bush Pipit

Golden Pipit

Yellow-throated Longclaw

Pangani Longclaw

Rosy-throated Longclaw

Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

Oriole Finch

Yellow-fronted Canary

Southern Citril

Reichenow’s Seedeater

White-bellied Canary

Southern Grosbeak-Canary

Brimstone Canary

Streaky Seedeater

Thick-billed Seedeater

Yellow-crowned Canary

Old World Buntings: Emberizidae

Cinnamon-breasted Bunting

Golden-breasted Bunting