Facts about Ngorongoro National Park : Many of the clients who visit Ngorongoro National Park is because of its magical caldera giving a beautiful scenery from various view points and having the world’s most complete caldera.

This volcanic caldera has got volcanic soils which have supported the growth of numerous vegetation species and has influenced many of the wildlife species to start flocking to this Area.

Ngorongoro Conservation Area is a UNESCO World heritage site located in the west of Arusha about 180km and has got the Ngorongoro crater which is a home to the big five animals which include the lions, leopards, buffaloes and the Rhinos.

With the presence of the volcanic soils has attracted the growth of numerous vegetation species which has also made the Maasai people to graze there animals alongside their cattle in the wild. Ngorongoro National Park has got amazing facts that every traveler hoping to travel may find interesting in reading about them.

Here are the amazing facts about Ngorongoro National Park

World’s largest Caldera

Ngorongoro crater is an extinct volcanic caldera formed in the great east African rift valley in Northern Tanzania.  The Caldera is a large bowl-shaped volcanic depression more than one kilometer in diameter and rimmed by in facing scarps.  In terms of measurement, the caldera is10 and 12 miles (16 and 19 km) across and has an area of 102 square miles (264 square km).

The caldera is usually researched to have been formed around 2.5 million years ago and was formed when the top part of the mountain collapsed inside due to eruption forming an opening called a crater. Inside this crater are vast forms of grass which have attracted various animals to come and stay in this place. One of the major wildlife species among the big 5 staying in this area are the African Elephants, Lions, Leopards, buffaloes and Rhinos and these animals have grown in huge numbers due to the availability of abundant fresh grass and fresh meat.

UNESCO World Heritage Site

The Ngorongoro Conservation area in Tanzania is a designated UNESCO World Heritage site with over 6000 local communities residing in the area in harmony with the wildlife species fund in this area.

It became a world heritage site in 1979 with the aim of promoting tourism and conservation to ensure that both humans and wildlife are well protected respectively.

Archaeological Heritage

Ngorongoro Conservancy has got vast components of Olduvai Gorge which is one of the most important paleoanthropological sites that the world has got today.

Researchers such as Mary Leakey carried out numerus land excavations in the years of 1930s with the aim of collecting various Archaeological components which were important in the understanding of the human evolution in the world today.

This may well be the first early human species, Homo habilis, and their existence at Olduvai Gorge has been dated to millions of years ago. For this reason, research conducted on Olduvai site has been more significant in analyzing stream of hominins and enhancing study on social and developmental progresses resulting to sophisticated use of tools among the humans.

Facts about Ngorongoro National Park
Oldupai Gorge

Wildebeest Migration in Ngorongoro National Park

This graphic description reveals extraordinary aspect of Wildebeests’ migration in Ngorongoro area, part of large Mara-Serengeti ecosystem in East Africa.

Compared to average conditions, the other months show that they have relatively moderate conditions although their rainy season is very dry. Such as Highland transport, that is transporting large and bulky loads to higher elevations in the high seas, high moisture content due to precipitation in the climate.

This is because as estimates suggest, 2 million wildebeest, besides hundreds of thousands of zebras and other gazelles circulate these plains of Ndutu in a single annual cycle of migration.

This period is witnessed during the calf birthing season, probably because birth is full of life, and many calves are born in a single day hence, separate proof of fate and survival has been provided. It is the edible pastures made grasslands rich in green light and richer pastures of Ngorongoro region to offer the migrated herds of the stock feeding before proceeding into the northern part of Serengeti and other respective areas as well.

Ngorongoro National Park is a home to the big five

If you have ever wondered where you would love to carry out a safari with 90% chance of viewing the big five wildlife species, Ngorongoro National Park gives you spectacular memorable moments to view these species.

The African lions are many in number due to the favorable biological conditions and presence of enough prey to feed on, you will have the opportunity to witness the dramatic African cape buffaloes, the elusive leopard which traverse the nearby forest in the crater. African Elephants are the most epic species of wildlife to see on your safari in Ngorongoro Crater because these species are very large in size and beautiful to photograph on your safari, and Rhinos.

Birding Life Experience

Watching birds in the Ngorongoro Conservation area usually offers an opportunity to view one of the world’s greatest biogeographical maximum densities of birdlife. This area has over 500 bird species; so bird watching is one of the most exciting leisure activities.

When it comes to avian experience, the flamingos that are painted rosy pink feeding in flocks around Lake Magadi and the noble raptors such as the crowned eagle and the Lammergeier flying in grand style above the Ngorongoro Crater, there is nothing as beautiful as the African birding experience provided with a new dawn as well as the setting sun.

The Acacia woodlands, Open grasslands, and the soda lakes come with an array of flight and nest viewing standpoints of birds that include the Jackson’s widow bird and the Rufous-tailed weaver among others, which are originally from the region.

The birding possibilities in Ngorongoro therefore mean that one can simply spot bee-eater, listen to a turacos’ tune or even get a glimpse of the African pygmy falcon, therefore, if bird watching is one of the interests for a visitor to the UNESCO World Heritage site, then his or her experience would be unique.